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Mineral species discovered in the Carpathian area

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At present about 900 mineral species are known from the Carpathian area, about 50 of which was described from here. The first ones were discovered as early as the second half of the 18th century (the very first was nagyágite, 1769), but new species are described in these days as well (e.g. mrázekite, 1992). Several samples that are currently under investigations may add to the number of minerals described in this area.

            The distribution of minerals among mineral classes:

From native elements tellurium is described from here. A carbide and a phosphide mineral was discovered in a meteorite fell in the Carpathian area.

            More than every third species that was discovered in the Carpathian area is sulphide (or telluride); mainly from Au- telluride and sulphidic Ag ore deposits. A considerable number of Au-Ag-tellurides of the Metaliferi Mts. (Transylvanian Ore Mts.), Pb, Sb sulphosalts (Gutâi Mts.) and Cu, Bi sulphosalts (Rézbánya/Băiţa [Bihor], Hodrusbánya/Hodruša-Hámre/Hod-ritsch) are among them.

            Only a few oxide minerals were found here. The most interesting of them may be rutile, (Born, 1772) as titanium (Klaproth, 1795) was discovered in it.

            The type locality of the frequent carbonate rhodochrosite is Kapnikbánya/Cavnic. Several borate minerals were discovered in the skarn ore deposits of the area (Rézbánya/ Băiţa [Bihor], Vaskő/Ocna de Fier).

            It is not surprising at all that the second largest group of mineral species discovered in the Carpathian area is represented by sulphates. They usually formed in near-surface oxidation zones or in waste dumps of sulphide ore deposits, but new sulphate species from coal seam, salt deposit or cave were also described in the Carpathian area.

            The number of phosphate and arsenate species of similar origin is appreciable as well. They were discovered mainly in localities in Slovakia and in the Banat (Romania).

            Surprisingly small is the number of silicates discovered in the Carpathian area; however, two of them (rhodonite, wollastonite) are quite widespread worldwide.

            Last but not least there are two species of the generally rare organic minerals that were discovered in the Carpathian area.

            Nagyág/Săcărâmb (7 species), Felsőbánya/Baia Sprie (6 species), Rézbánya/Băiţa [Bihor] (4 species), Szomolnok/Smolník/Schmöllnitz and Libetbánya/źubietová/Libethen (3-3 species) are the most important mines as far as type localities are concerned.

            In the beginnings (late 17th century) the discoverers and describers of new minerals were mining and metallurgy specialists who worked in the Carpathian area. Research required for the description of new minerals was done later by foreign, mainly Austrian and German mineralogists. The role of local experts became predominant in the description of new species in the last quarter of the 19th century. The greatest number of valid species was described by József Krenner (8 species). Three species were discovered by Franz Joseph Müller von Reichenstein. 

Valid mineral species discovered in the Carpathian area until 1996

Compiled by G. Papp

 

Species name

in

First described by

in

Renamed by

Type locality (in Hungarian)

Type locality (recent name)

Country

nagyágite

1769

Scopoli

1845

Haidinger

Nagyág

Săcărâmb

Romania

rutile

1772

Born

1803

Werner

Nagyrőce

Revúca

Slovakia

rhodonite

1783

Ruprecht

1819

Jasche

Kapnikbánya

Cavnic

Romania

alabandite

1784

Müller von Reichenstein

1832

Beudant

Nagyág

Săcărâmb

Romania

sylvanite

1785

Müller von Reichenstein

1835

Necker

Aranyosbánya

Baia de Arieş

Romania

tellurium

1785

Müller von Reichenstein

1802

Klaproth

Facebánya (Zalatna)

Faţa Băii near Zlatna

Romania

pilsenite

1790

Born

1853

Kenngott

Nagybörzsöny

Nagybörzsöny

Hungary

wollastonite

1793

Stütz

1818

Léman*

Csiklovabánya (Capo di Bove*, Italy)

Ciclova Montană (Capo di Bove*, Italy)

Romania

cyanotrichite

1808

Werner

1839

Glocker

Újmoldova

Moldova Nouă

Romania

libethenite

1812

Leonhard

1823

Breithaupt

Libetbánya

źubietová

Slovakia

rhodochrosite

1782

Bergman

1813

Hausmann

Kapnikbánya

Cavnic

Romania

euchroite

1823

Breithaupt

 

 

Libetbánya

źubietová

Slovakia

whewellite

1840

Brooke

1852

Brooke & Miller

Kapnikbánya ?

Cavnic ?

Romania

petzite

1842

Petz

1845

Haidinger

Nagyág

Săcărâmb

Romania

tellurite

1842

Petz

1845

Haidinger

Facebánya (Zalatna)

Faţa Băii near Zlatna

Romania

hauerite

1847

Haidinger

 

 

Végleskálnok

Vígžasská Huta-Kalinka

Slovakia

schreibersite

1847

Haidinger

 

 

Szlanica (meteorite)

Slanická Osada (meteorite)

Slovakia

felsőbányaite

1853

Kenngott

 

 

Felsőbánya

Baia Sprie

Romania

hemimorphite

?

?

1853

Kenngott

Rézbánya

Băiţa (Bihor)

Romania

hörnesite

1860

Kenngott

1860

Haidinger

Bánság

Banat

Romania

szaibélyite

1861

Peters

 

 

Rézbánya

Băiţa (Bihor)

Romania

evansite

1864

Forbes

 

 

Vashegy (Szirk)

Železník near Sirk

Slovakia

alloclasite

1868

Tschermak

 

 

Oravicabánya

Oraviţa

Romania

syngenite

1872

Zepharovich

 

 

Kalusz

Kalush

Ukraine

ludwigite

1874

Tschermak

 

 

Vaskő

Ocna de Fier

Romania

veszelyite

1874

Schrauf

 

 

Vaskő

Ocna de Fier

Romania

krennerite

1877

Krenner

1877

vom Rath

Nagyág

Săcărâmb

Romania

szmikite

1877

Schröckinger

 

 

Felsőbánya

Baia Sprie

Romania

dietrichite

1878

Schröckinger

 

 

Felsőbánya

Baia Sprie

Romania

pseudobrookite

1878

Koch A.

 

 

Arany

Uroi

Romania

stützite

1878

Schrauf

 

 

Nagyág ?

Săcărâmb ?

Romania

semseyite

1881

Krenner

 

 

Felsőbánya

Baia Sprie

Romania

kornelite

1888

Krenner

 

 

Szomolnok

Smolník

Slovakia

cohenite

1889

Weinschenk

 

 

Szlanica (meteorite)

Slanická Osada (meteorite)

Slovakia

rhomboclase

1891

Krenner

 

 

Szomolnok

Smolník

Slovakia

szomolnokite

1891

Krenner

 

 

Szomolnok

Smolník

Slovakia

andorite

1892

Krenner

 

 

Felsőbánya

Baia Sprie

Romania

vashegyite

1909

Zimányi

 

 

Vashegy (Szirk)

Železník near Sirk

Slovakia

muthmannite

1911

Zambonini

 

 

Nagyág

Săcărâmb

Romania

fizélyite

1913

Krenner & Loczka

 

 

Kisbánya

Chiuzbaia

Romania

schafarzikite

1915

Krenner

 

 

Pernek

Pernek

Slovakia

fülöppite

1929

Finály & Koch S.

 

 

Nagybánya

Baia Mare

Romania

klebelsbergite

1929

Zsivny

 

 

Felsőbánya

Baia Sprie

Romania

ardealite

1931

Schadler

 

 

Csoklovina

Cioclovina

Romania

kotoite

1939

Watanabe

 

 

Rézbánya and Hol Kol (Korea)

Băiţa (Bihor) and Hol Kol (Korea)

Romania

Korea

parajamesonite

1947

Zsivny & Náray-Szabó

 

 

Herzsabánya (Kisbánya m.)

Herja (near Chiuzbaia)

Romania

koktaite

1948

Sekanina

 

 

 

Žeravice u Kyjova

Czech Republic

karpatite

1955

Piotrovsky

 

 

Szarvaskút

Olenevo

Ukraine

mátraite

1958

Koch S.

 

 

Gyöngyösoroszi

Gyöngyösoroszi

Hungary

merrihueite

1965

Dodd et al.

 

 

Mezőmadaras (meteorite)

Mădărăs (meteorite)

Romania

hodrushite

1970

Koděra et al.

 

 

Hodrusbánya

Hodruša-Hámre

Slovakia

krautite

1975

Fontan et al.

 

 

Nagyág

Săcărâmb

Romania

paděraite

1985

Mumme & Žák

 

 

Rézbánya

Băiţa (Bihor)

Romania

mrázekite

1992

Řídkošil et al.

 

 

Libetbánya

źubietová

Slovakia

 

Web: Péter SZUJÓ

HOM 2002

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